Recreation complex "Saulesstari" is located in Daugavpils Medumi county, Medumi village on Alejas Street 44. For the first time Medumi (Medden) as an urban area was mentioned in the XVIII century historical sources, but already in XVII century the Medumi manor was mentioned as owned by Rēbinderg family.
Talking about the place name origins, there are two options - the word "Medumi" erupted from the word "honey" or the Lithuanian word "Medeinos" which translated from the Lithuanian language as "mother of the forest".
For the first time Medumi village mentioned in 1702 year writings. Medumi men say that - if German and Polish archival materials were available, Medumi name would have been found even in earlier documents.
There is a story related with Medumi county mentioning the German Chancellor Bismarck visiting the Manor and Counts von Etingen being the landlords of the Manor in the XIX century. The Count Arthur von Etingen, Russian General Ushakov and St. Petersburg botanist Latsky were Medumui park establishers. The park is located in the central part of Medumi county, on the east coast of Medumi Lake. It was created in English landscape style, i.e. striving for the utmost naturalness. Today 12.5 ha Medumi park is a national dendrological plantation, and from April 15, 1977, is on the list of protected properties.
The Russian army Admiral Ushakov F lived in Medumi for some time as well as Latvian Army General Andrei Auzān (dead and buried in England), who actively participated in the county public life. Also Olympic champion in basketball Uljana Semjonova was born in Medumi county.
Medumi Flourishing is recorded at the end of XIX century and beginning of XX century. At first the glorious surrounding nature seduced St. Petersburg and Moscow aristocrats to build summer cottages in the area. Oak alley along the edge of the park leads to the former summer cottage. Later Medumi county Board was located in the building. Today up the hill there is "Saulesstari" complex VIP house - exclusive, historic 19th-century manor house in full operation. It is a cultural and historical heritage - "the last beam of classicism sunset". The origin of the name "Saulesstari” of Recreation complex is closely connected with this fact.
It is known that at the be beginning of XX century Medumi was visited by the famous writer Kornej Chukovskij. The idea of the story of his poem "Fly Cakatusha" arose from being inspired by Medumi nature.
"Fly, fly Cakatusha
Walk in the countryside,
Find a great deal of money."
Each of us remembers these lines from childhood. These poems were written by a famous fairytale author Kornej Chukovskij. But few people know that he often visited Medumi village in Dvinsk (now Daugavpils) surroundings. And it has to do with even less known Chukovskij revolutionary activities.
In 1905 an ambitious young writer Nikolai Kornejchukov (this is our hero's real name) became the head of a new and ambitious group of writers who decided to start a satirical magazine "Signal". The editor nor his associates didn’t have any money, so the first issue was published on the singer’s Leonid Sobinov 500 rubbles. Caustic criticism against the country's leadership of that time paid great attention to the readers which only contributed to prepare two more "Signal" issues. One of the issues sharply criticized the Minister of Vitte for "begging the West", but in reality it was a goal used towards the economic development of the industry. However, the new magazine writers did not know it and continued their criticism.
When in December 1905 the third magazine issue was released Chukovskij received a summons to court, where he was offered a choice: either go to jail or pay a fine of 10 thousand rubbles. Since Čukovskij only had three rubbles he went to prison for "King and his family defamation".
However Kornej Čukovskij did not have to stay in prison for a long time- the fine was paid by the famous writer Alexander Kuprin. Leaving imprisonment the satirist released the fourth issue of "Signal" magazine. And once again received a subpoena. But this time Chukovskij acted in a cunning way - instead of meeting with investigators, he hid in a house of publisher Eugenia Lacko, where he met with Mikhail Chernishevskij (son of Nicholas Chernishevskij, the author of "What?"), who had a summer house near Dvinsk and recommended to "flee to Medumi."
But for a creative person just to go wasn’t interesting enough. Kornej decided to play the whole Vaudeville to hide all traces. Along the way he remembered Chernishevskij’s stories about the fact that the General Ushakov was selling his land in Medumi cheaply (in relation to the proximity of the war). From Pskov Train Station Chukovskij sends a telegram to Ushakov: "I want to buy the property, please send horses to the railway station in Dvinsk" signature "William." There's even a train station called Pleskov where a hairdresser shaved off his bushy moustache and styled a hairdo in English-style manner - in order to fully comply with Kornej’s imaginatination image, which was given the name William.
When he came Medumi, Kornej presented himself as Vilfredo William Will William, who is close known to Chernishevskij family. Speaking with a strong "foreign" accent and when none of the others could pronounce his "real" name, he magnanimously allowed calling himself Vladimir Fjodorovich.
The days Chukovskis spent in Medumi were easygoing and sunny. He got known the local people as "Vladimir Fjodorvich" then completely randomly met the investigator who questioned Chukovskij before the arrest.
These conditions terrified the writer and he hastily left the hospitable Medumi.
Court of Justice upon the magazine editor did happen, however Chukovskij was acquitted. Pleased he was about to go back to Medumi and wait there for Easter. Depressed by the thought that all the time while there, he was deceiving the local population, Kornej could not stop thinking how to show the situation in a different light.
When he arrived to Medumi, Chukovski was still called as Vladimir Fjodorovich by the locals, although the guest "forgot" about his English accent and spoke very pure Russian. And when the feast came round and all Chukovskij’s acquaintances gathered together: Lacko, Chernishevskij, Maikovs, he confessed in fraud.
Eugene Lacko gave Chukovskij a book "A.Gončarovs" as a gift and wrote on the title page:
"To highly respected Kornej - Vladimir Ivanovich – Fjodorovich Williams - Chukovkij
About Medumi vaudeville.
Daugavpils local history and art museum stores one of the first "Fly Cakatusha 'editions with the autograph of the author - this fact is known to very few people in Daugavpils.